Traditional freight brokers aren't overly concerned about the competitive impact of ride-hailing pioneer Uber Technologies LLC's penetration into the brokerage segment, although they acknowledge the presence of Uber's low-cost model should be a wake-up call to the brokerage community to operate more efficiently.
Those attending a panel session yesterday on technology trends at The Transportation Intermediaries Association's (TIA) annual meeting in Las Vegas were polled on Uber's relevance to the industry. The consensus was that Uber presented no near-term impact on brokers, and that the company will move the needle only when autonomous trucks become mainstream—a process that could take years, depending on the pace of technology improvement and regulatory approvals.
Uber last year acquired self-driving trucking company Otto for $680 million, and speculation has it that Uber's brokerage unit will bid on loads at very low, almost loss-leader prices for the purpose of building market share, then divert the transport of those loads to Otto. A source close to San Francisco-based Uber said the company is not dampening such speculation.
Of all the comments made about Uber during the TIA panel session, perhaps the most telling was that it's "just another broker."
A trucking operations executive at the conference, who asked not to be identified, agreed with the prevailing wisdom. "Uber is way behind. They are not a player, although people here are spending a lot of time talking about them," the executive said.
The biggest threat, according to the executive, is Seattle-based e-tailer Amazon.com Inc., which has designs on the brokerage space through a start-up called Convoy, a Seattle-based company that Amazon Chairman and CEO Jeff Bezos raised capital for. Amazon reportedly plans to launch a freight-matching app in mid-2017 as the first step in its brokerage strategy.
Amazon's threat to brokers stems from the relationships it has built with thousands of customers through its fulfillment services. Amazon can leverage current and future revenue streams the likes of which Uber can only dream of, according to the executive.
Still, brokers need to be concerned about Uber's sheer size, its aggressive culture, and its willing to underprice traditional brokers, broker executives said during the panel session. "Uber's coming, and they're going to get market share," said Tom Heine, CEO of Aljex Sofware Inc., a Transportation Management Systems (TMS) provider based in Somerville, N.J. "They are going to change expectations in the marketplace."
Heine's advice to traditional brokers is to "automate as much as you can" to improve operational efficiencies.
Jonathan Drouin, founder and COO of HaulFox LLC, a Dallas-based broker, added that, for brokers, Uber's expansion will mean that operations that would be supported by, say, 100 employees would need to be equally efficient with about 30. The key is figuring out "how to get to that point," he said.