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Business Management June 13, 2018

Airport Biometrics Market Global Research Report 2018 Analysis & Forecast to 2023

The term 'biometric' is derived from the Greek words "bios", which means life, and "metron", which means measure. In a broader sense, biometrics can be defined as the measurement of body characteristics, or in other words, biological statistics. Criminal prosecution, forensics and police records have used pictures, body height and finger prints for a long time; however, the invention of automated technologies to measure and evaluate physical or behavioral characteristics of living organisms has given the word a second meaning. The term "biometric technologies" refers to automated methods of recognizing a person based on physiological or behavioral characteristics.

Although the modern biometric technology is a recent phenomenon, it has increasingly influenced the security industry markets. Since the 11 September 2001 attacks on U.S. by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda, public security concerns have grown constantly, and the increase in international terrorism is evidenced by growing numbers of threats and attacks across the world. To prevent and fight terrorism, governments and authorities are seeking to issue more secure identification documents, protect airports and monitor public places; and biometric technologies have a significant role to play in this.

Since biometric methods take advantage of mostly unchangeable characteristics, they are more reliable than other methods of authorization, such as PIN codes and magnet stripe cards, that are based on knowledge or possession. Moreover, biometric characteristics can neither be stolen nor transferred. Due to these factors, airports are looking forward to replace their older and time taking processes of collecting and maintaining passenger data, with newer, more reliable, fast and more secure biometrics equipment.

By components, the airport biometrics market is further segmented into hardware and software. In case of hardware segment, biometric sensor market can be segmented into capacitive sensors, thermal sensors, optical sensors, ultrasound sensors and electric sensors. Owing to factors such as multiple application, low cost and wide responsiveness, optical sensors have the largest share in airport biometrics market.

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On the basis of technology, in the physical characteristics sub-segment, fingerprint reader is the most attractive segment in biometric market, followed by facial recognition. Rising security concern for identity theft and rising demand for data security have positively impacted demand for biometric sensors used in fingerprint and facial scanning. Previously, fingerprint scan involved the end user placing his/her finger on a paper or a platen surface, which often rendered degraded images due to improper finger placement, slippage, smearing, skin deformation, and wear and tear of the device. This led to several inconsistencies in the authentication process, leading to unauthorized access. However, the latest technological developments have led to the touchless sensing technology that generates a 3D fingerprint scan to overcome the problems faced by the traditional fingerprint recognition system. This touchless fingerprint technology is interoperable with legacy devices to provide high-quality images. Furthermore, to make 3D fingerprint images operational with current automated fingerprint identification system, a simulated rolling procedure was introduced. The procedure of unwraps 3D fingerprint images into 2D fingerprint images that are comparable with legacy rolled fingerprints.

The market is also catching on to the advancements in biometrics technology. I In Aruba for example, facial IDs are already in place for KLM passengers flying to Amsterdam; at LAX Airport in Los Angeles, Lufthansa recently gave passengers the choice of getting on the flight without showing a boarding pass, if passenger agreed to submit their biometric scans.

Airport kiosk evolution is encouraging the passenger to choose self-service for minimizing the cycle time at airport. SITA's check-in kiosks were first introduced by Air Alaska to improve the experience of passengers by reducing queuing, and to test the advantage for self-service. Few years later, the first common use self-service kiosks were put into service at Toronto Pearson International Airport. At present, thousands of kiosks provide services in airports across the world. Los Angeles Airport is trialing an advanced biometric self-boarding solution by Vision-Box to clear travelers flying out of the U.S. in an interface which requires lesser human intervention, and is quicker and more secure at the same time. The new passenger flow solution allows travelers to board their aircraft in just a few seconds simply by looking into a high-resolution face capture system at the flow-control gateway. The system deployed by Vision-Box captures a live, high quality image of the traveler's unique biometric facial traits, for U.S. Customs and airport Protection to match it against the passenger's file containing the digital facial token captured during the initial immigration processing. After assuring the identity and eligibility of the passenger on that specific flight, the gateway opens and the traveler can swiftly board the aircraft. The project was developed in a partnership between LAX and Vision-Box, and was supported by U.S. Customs and airport Protection Agency under the umbrella of the U.S. Biometric Exit trial program. British Airways was the first airline to begin expediting boarding procedures using the new contactless technology.

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